The circle gatherings of people originated before the dawn of time, in all cultures for drumming and dancing, celebrations, rituals and ceremonies, initiations and rites of passage. The term drum circle has been in existence throughout out the ages but re-connected in the United States during the 1960s and early 1970s. However, it is the term used to describe group of people who gather informally to share common interests in music, etc.
Group drum circles are informal gatherings of people who meet for the purpose of drumming together. The determining focus is that the rhythms are improvised and co-composed by the participants. It is an opportunity for self-expressions and growth, to release inhibitions and achieve personal empowerment and relaxation.
The facilitated drum circle is another approach of group drumming in which the leader seeks to improve the quality effecting group dynamics. The facilitator monitors the music and takes on a role as an expert or drumming instructor whose goal is to empower and encourage drummers. My approach to drum circles integrates the expressive art forms of movement and dance into the experience. Thus, these type of experiences are described as drumming programs rather than drum circles.